This Day in History:
October 1, 1908 – Henry Ford’s Model T, a “universal car” designed for the masses, went on sale for the first time.
October 1, 1938 – Hitler’s troops occupied the Sudetenland portion of Czechoslovakia. In an effort to avoid war, the leaders of Britain and France had agreed to cede the German-speaking area to Hitler, who later broke the agreement and occupied all of Czechoslovakia.
October 1, 1946 – Twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death at the International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.
October 1, 1949 – The People’s Republic of China was founded with Mao Zedong as Chairman.
October 1, 1979 – After 70 years of American control, the Panama Canal Zone was formally handed over to Panama.
Birthday – Virtuoso pianist Vladimir Horowitz (1904-1989) was born in Berdichev, Russia. He made his American debut in 1928 with the New York Philharmonic and became a U. S. citizen in 1944. In 1986, after a self-imposed absence of 60 years, he performed a concert in his native Russia.
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